Jahangir continued the Rajput policy of his father. Chhatrasal, son of Champat Rai who was just 11 at the time of his father’s death defied the Mughals and won several victories against them. He also failed to get support of Maldeo of Marwar against Sher Shah. Various factors participated in the formation of his Rajput policy. 2. Sher Shah desired to bring Rajput rulers under his suzerainty. They could not realize the importance of an alliance with the Rajputs and to appreciate the value of their friendship. Aurangzeb wanted to keep the widow of Jaswant Singh and his son Ajit Singh under his custody. Akbar gave high mansabs to Raja Bharmal, his son, Bhagwan Das and his grandson, Man Singh. It was the greatest success of Akbar. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. He died in 1731 with the com­plete effacement of the Mughal rule in Bundelkhand. At starting Raputs had assisted Aurangzeb in his military as well as administrative affairs. While returning from Afghanistan, the two wives of Raja Jaswant Singh gave birth to two sons at Lahore. He did not submit to Akbar throughout his life. Aurangzeb reversed the policy which was enunciated by Akbar and pursued by Jahangir and Shah Jahan. In return, Akbar was prepared to give them liberty in their internal matters, honour them, offer them services in the state according to their merit and provide them complete religious freedom. Raja Jaswant Singh of Marwar, Rana Raj Singh of Mewar and Raja Jai Sing of Jaipur. There were three important Rajput rulers at that time, viz., Raja Jaswant Singh of Marwar, Rana Raj Singh of Mewar and Raja Jai Singh of Jaipur. Aurangzeb reversed the policy which was enunciated by Akbar and pursued by Jahangir and Shah Jahan. Rana Raj Singh, the ruler of Mewar did not participate in the war of succession and, later on, accepted Aurangzeb as the emperor. Rajput Policy of Aurangzeb Aurangzeb relied on the friendship of Rajput and this was clear when he appointed Maharaja Jaisingh to handle with Shivaji in Deccan. Rajput Policy of the Mughals. Aurangzeb’s Rajput policy led to conflict on account of the following factors: image source: upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/7e/Darbarscene.jpg. The Rajputs, therefore, became his good choice. Rajput Policy of Aurangzeb Rajput policies of Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb were stern and he attempted to destroy the power of the Rajputs and annex their kingdoms. Marwar fought against the Mughuls till the death of the Emperor in 1707 A.D., of course, accepting peace in between twice, and finally succeeded in gaining its independence. Rajput policies adopted by Aurangzeb were strict and stern. On the contrary, he returned all territory of Mewar and the fort of Chittor to him. It seemed that the existence of Marwar was lost forever. The fight between the Mughuls and Mewar had been so long and hard that Mewar was practically ravaged. Aurangzeb completely reversed Akbar’s policy. Akbar deputed Raja Man Singh, Raja Bhagwan Das and Raja Todar Mal respectively to convince the Rana of the necessity of acceptance of his suzerainty. Mughal emperor Akbar implemented many policies during his reign, which also included 'The Rajput Policy'. The Rajput-Mughal arrangement continued into the early part of the emperor Aurangzeb’s reign (1658–1707), but eventually the emperor’s intolerance turned the Rajputs against him, and the ensuing conflict between the two sides became one of the several factors leading to the collapse of the Mughal Empire itself in the 18th century. Welcome to HistoryDiscussion.net! Rajput rebellion became very powerful when Mewar ruler Raj Singh decided to put his weight behind Ajit Singh. Jahangir returned to the Rana all territory of Mewar including the fort of Chittor on condition that it would not be repaired. Therefore, it was necessary to bring the Rajput rulers under his suzerainty. Like his father he was not able to follow the policy of religious tolerance and friendship. Translated from the original Persian (Manuscript No. Akbar, thus, failed to subdue Mewar though he certainly reduced its power of resistance. It was the policy of conflict. The Rana accepted the sovereignty of the Mughul emperor and, instead of himself, deputed his son and successor, prince Karan to attend the Mughul court. It is well known Islam spread more by sword than words. He desired to bring under his rule as much territory of India as could be possible. The ruling family of Mewar, the Sisodiya was the most respected family among the Rajput rulers of Rajasthan. Posted by Sunil Bhaskar at 10:39 PM. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. However,despite imposition of Jaziya Aurangzeb’s army had a high proportion of Rajput officers in the upper ranks of the imperial army and … Expert Answer: During the early years of his reign, Aurangzeb followed Akbar’s policy of friendship with the Rajputs. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. Prestige of the Mughal empire suffered. Aurangzeb relied on the friendship of Rajput and this was clear when he appointed Maharaja Jaisingh to handle with Shivaji in Deccan. One primary cause of his success was that he did not try to annex the kingdoms of Rajput rulers. Mewar, on its part, fought gloriously but failed to check the expansionist policy of Akbar. On the contrary, it added to the troubles of the empire. In 1576 A.D., Akbar then despatched Raja Man Singh with a large army to invade Mewar and the famous battle of Haldi Ghati took place. He occupied Marwar immediately and, with a view to disgrace the ruling family, sold the throne of Jaswant Singh for rupees thirty-six lakhs. Rana Uday Singh had given shelter to fugitive ruler of Malwa, Baz Bahadur and the rebel- Mirzas. One has to understand Islam to know the hidden agenda. It very well known that to lie n stab in back for Islam is perfectly forgiven n a way to spread Islam. He gave them all due honour and befriended them though the number of the Rajputs on higher posts went on decreasing. Who killed aurangzeb and how? Akbar was not successful on account of the guerilla warfare tactics of the Bundela Rajput’s. It is wrong to say that Akbar married Rajput princess with a view to humiliate the Rajputs. The Rajput’s still cherish the courage and bravery of Durga Das and say, “O, mother, produce a son like Durga Das.” J.N. He wanted dependable allies from among the Indian people instead of depending on foreigners. Mughal emperor Akbar implemented many policies during his reign, which also included 'The Rajput Policy'. The then ruler of Mewar was Uday Singh. In 1562 A.D., the fort of Merta was captured which was under Jaimal, a feudatory chief of the ruler of Mewar. 8. The Ranas of Mewar observed this treaty till Aurangzeb attempted to conquer Mewar during his reign. Akbar besieged Chittor and occupied it in 1568 A.D. after some months of fighting. All the three were at peace with the Mughals when Aurangzeb ascended the throne. Jahangir continued the policy of his father in the same manner. Aurangzeb and the new ruler of Mewar, Raja Jai Singh signed a peace treaty known as treaty of Udaipur (1681). In June 1626, after an unsuccessful rebellion by his father, Aurangzeb and his brother Dara Shukoh were kept as hostages under their grandparents' (Nur Jahan and Jahangir) Lahore court. (3) The Chittor fort was not to be repaired. (2) Raja Jai Singh accepted the Mansab of 5,000 while his son Bhim Singh was given the title of Raja. In the reign of Shah Jahan also the Rajputs continued to serve the empire though they did not have the prominent position which they enjoyed at the time I of Akbar. Durga Das continued the struggle and the Rajput’s were able to recapture many of their lost territo­ries. The Mughal policy towards the Rajputs contributed to the expansion and consolidation of the Mughal Empire under Akbar and his successors. (c) Those Rajput rulers who opposed him, were attacked and efforts were made to force them to accept his sovereignty. Who doesn't love being #1? Akbar was the first Mughul emperor who pursued a planned policy towards the Rajputs. Register to get answer. Indian History, Mughal Emperors, Aurangzeb. Mughal arms could not daunt that constant heart.”. But this was not acceptable to the Rajput’s. Aurangzeb negated the earlier policy and thereby undid the work of Akbar. Aurangzeb was an expansionist and on one or the other pretext, he wanted to annex their kingdoms. No doubt, the faulty policy of Aurangzeb towards the Rajput’s was one of the major causes of the disintegration of the Mughal empire. Aurangzeb was born on 3 November 1618, in Dahod, Gujarat.He was the third son and sixth child of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal. At the time of his death, he was in the service of the Mughals. Aurangzeb wanted that if Ajit Singh was converted to Islam, he would be recognized as the ruler of Marwar. Humayun continued the policy of his father regarding the Rajputs. What was the nature of Aurangzeb’s Rajput policy in the early years of his reign? Aurangzeb sent his officers to take possession of his kingdom and set up on the throne a worthless relative of Jaswant Singh who promised to pay him a Nazrana of about Rs. Answer. He preferred to befriend them instead of turning them as his enemies. Besides, the subjects of the Rana needed peace. Akbar simply desired that the Rajputs should accept his sovereignty, pay him annual tribute, surrender their foreign policy to him, support him with their forces when necessary and regard themselves as one with the Mughul empire. We find three following principles which he pursued regarding Rajput rulers: (a) He captured strong forts of the Rajputs like the forts of Chittor, Merta, Ranthambhor, Kalinjar etc. Aurangzeb, therefore, attempted to destroy the power of the Rajputs and annex their kingdoms. But then he disturbed Mughal-Rajput relationship by unnecessarily interfering in affairs of Marwar and Mewar. Thus, by a policy of conciliation. Ans.During the early years of his reign, Aurangzeb followed Akbar’s policy of friendship with the Rajputs. RAJPUT POLICY OF AURANGZEB AND THEIR RESULTS The Rajput policies adopted by Aurangzeb were strict and stern. RAJPUT POLICY OF AURANGZEB AND THEIR RESULTS The Rajput policies adopted by Aurangzeb were strict and stern. He also attempted to force Mewar to submission which had refused it so far. What was the nature of Aurangzeb’s Rajput policy in the early years of his reign? He had to fight against Rana Sanga of Mewar and Medini Rai of Chanderi because this was necessary for the establishment and safety of his empire in India. He deputed Raja Jai Singh in the Deccan where, ultimately, he died in 1666 A.D. Raja Jaswant Singh was deputed to defend the north-western frontier of the empire. Raja Jaswant Singh of Marwar, Rana Raj Singh of Mewar and Raja Jai Sing of Jaipur. He was liberal towards the Rajputs though the number of the Rajputs on higher posts decreased during his reign. What was the Rajput policy of Aurangzeb? Raja Jaswant Singh of Marwar, Rana Raj Singh of Mewar and Raja Jai Sing of Jaipur. At that time, there was no successor to the throne of Marwar. Asked by Wiki User. It was necessary to conquer Mewar both from the political and economic point of view. His resistance to Akbar has become a glorious chapter in the Rajput history. His policy towards Rajput's made the Rajput’s hostile and deprived Aurangzeb of the loyalty of the brave Rajput’s. N there is no evident case that one of his any hindu,jat,rajput,bundelas military soldier or officer has accepted islam or forced to do so. It would be wrong to conclude that Rana Amar Singh had not tried to safeguard the honour of Mewar and had disgraced the name of his father, Rana Pratap by accepting the peace treaty with the Mughuls. But, Marwar was saved. He sent an expedition because the best troops of Raja Jaswant Singh were still awake in the North-West. Raja Jaswant Singh the ruler of Marwar who was in the service of the Mughals died at Jamrud in Afghani­stan. Besides, the submission of Mewar was necessary to induce other Rajput rulers for submission. 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rajput policy of aurangzeb